Disc Golf Rules: Best Types of Discs for Beginners and Baskets

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Disc golf and the associated disc golf rules originated in America in the 1970s and have evolved ever since. Today, there are about 500,000 enthusiastic disc golfers around the world who are regularly out and about playing their favourite sport on official courses or in the open air. Disc golf is very similar to the usual variant with a club and ball, although special discs are used instead of balls. Even official prize money tournaments of up to 100,000 US $ are not uncommon in the USA. In Germany, of course, the framework is much smaller – but that doesn’t have to minimise your enjoyment of the game. In any case, here is some basic information!

What you learn in this article:

  • Where you can play disc golf.
  • What accessories you need in the form of discs and basket.
  • How the disc golf rules work.
  • Which throwing techniques you should master to play disc golf.

Where can I play disc golf?

In principle, you can play disc golf wherever you want. However, you need a mobile disc golf basket. In addition, there are also permanently installed Disc Golf facilities, the so-called courses. Their length varies between 164 and 820 feet. They also contain various obstacles so that you are guaranteed not to get bored while playing.

What do I need to play Disc Golf?

Disc Golf Discs

Disc Golf discs can be divided into 3, depending on the type design 4 main groups.

Putter (also called Putt or Approach Disc)*: They have the greatest similarity to a conventional Frisbee disc. As their name suggests, they are best suited for approach shots to the basket or for direct putting. In combination with their extremely high and rounded edge, they have a very stable flight behaviour and should therefore not be missing from any disc golf set.

Midrange Disc*: In contrast to the putter, the midrange disc is only slightly rounded and is therefore more suitable for approaching the basket than for direct putting. On the other hand, distances of 130 to 195 feet can be achieved with a stable position in the air and a fairly straight flight curve. This circumstance ensures that these disc golf discs are particularly helpful for beginners. But professionals also appreciate them as helpful all-rounders.

Driver*: In contrast to the midrange discs, the edge of the driver discs is more pointed. This minimises air resistance, which enables flight over longer distances. 195 to 260 feet or even more feet are no problem. Good to know: In the area of drivers, a distinction can be made between the fairway driver* and the distance driver*. While the former is a little easier to control, but does not reach quite as far, the Distance Driver with its wedge-shaped optics is made to crunch the mark of 330 feet in the right, more experienced hands.

So far, so good.

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But which discs are best suited for beginners?

In any case, you should have a putter and a midrange disc in your luggage when you go on a disc golf course or a free round. Whether you dare to go straight for a fairway driver depends a little on your willingness to learn and your skill. Of course, it is tempting when the discs fly potentially a few feetfurther. Nevertheless, it is important to first develop the right technique and then take the next step in terms of discs. This is also evident in the next aspect.

disc-golf-scheiben

The format of the Disc Golf discs

Everything clear? Then a few words about the weight and size of the disc golf discs. The discs have a diameter of 8,26 to 9,05 inches and weigh between 4,6 and 7,1 oz.. The majority of players consider discs that weigh 6 oz. or more to be ‘heavy’. Tip for disc golf discs for beginners: It is better to choose slower and somewhat lighter versions, as these fly further. Heavier discs, on the other hand, are not as susceptible to wind and are preferred by better disc golfers due to their greater safety.

Ultimately, however, it is all a question of type and practice. As a consequence, it is not uncommon for the number of discs used in a game to increase from 3 to 15. This is also due to the fact that the flight behaviour of disc golf discs can be very different. What is the reason for this? Here is a short overview.

Disc knowledge: Understable, Stable and Overstable (-3 to +3)

These terms are used to describe the directional flight behaviour of the disc. While a stable disc* (0) moves straight ahead for a long time, the understable disc* (up to -3) curves to the right at the end. However, this only applies to right-handed backhand throws – for left-handers the effect is exactly the opposite. Accordingly, the overstable disc* (up to +3) will move to the left for right-handers and to the right for left-handers.

But beware: this behaviour is different for different discs, which is also indicated by the graduated marking of -3, -2, -1, 0, +1, +2 and +3. And of course the flight behaviour of a disc also depends on the skills of the thrower. This can be seen, for example, in the fact that the ‘final arc’ appears much later and less curved in professionals than in beginners.

Disc-Golf-Stable-Understable-Overstable
Disc Golf Stable, Understable, Overstable

An-Hyzer

Not only the stable, speed, glide, turn and fade values are important in disc golf. The way you throw the disc also plays a major role in determining whether the disc arrives quickly and efficiently in accordance with the Disc Golf Rules of Play. The angle of inclination can be changed by playing the disc with the outer edge inclined to the ground. This hyze (backhand thrown right-handed) provides a distinct left-hand curve. Or you can play an anhyzer with the disc tilted in the opposite direction, i.e. away from the ground. Then a more or less strong right-hand curve is the consequence.

disc golf hyzer vs anhyzer - infographic - frisbeescheibe.com
Disc Golf Hyzer vs Anhyzer

Speed (1 to 14)

The speed indicates the speed of the disc. The higher this value, the further the flight – potentially at least. You can use this value to determine how much speed and force you have to generate and bring into the disc via the arm. But as you can probably imagine: You can’t get 280 feet or more from nothing …

Glide (1 to 7)

This number describes the glide, i.e. the hovering ability of the disc. This value becomes important when the disc slowly starts to descend, because the thrust energy of the release gradually decreases. Again, the greater the glide effect, the further the disc will travel. However, this is also associated with a higher flight altitude, a stronger deceleration and a change in flight direction. Therefore, discs with high glide values are good for heavier models, strong tailwinds and when you want to cover a further distance at a low arm speed.

Turn (+1 to -6)

The Turn value indicates how far the disc drifts to the right at the start of the flight. (Its basic requirement is a backhand throw with the right hand). The higher the number (+1), the less the disc tends to drift. +1 is counted as extremely overstable, -6 as very understable. This turn characteristic affects all drivers (although not to the same extent), as the turn keeps them in the air longer. As a consequence, a higher turn means that the disc not only flies more right-heavy; it also comes to a greater distance at lower speeds. However, this is associated with a high susceptibility to wind and less control at high speeds.

Fade (0 to 5)

The fade is the counterpart of the turn and expresses how far the disc tilts to the left at the end of the flight. A value of 0 indicates an almost straight flight. A value of 5, on the other hand, indicates a clear tilt to the left. The result is that with a high fade value the disc will not turn as much and will fly more controlled, but most likely not quite as far. That is why a disc with a high fade value is a good choice when there is a lot of headwind, a comparatively low playing risk and for forehand throws with less forward speed but more spin.

Disc Golf Discs Numbers - Infographic - Frisbeescheibe.com
Disc Golf Numbers and flight Chart

Disc Golf Basket

There are two different types of Disc Golf baskets. The fixed baskets, which are installed on courses, and the mobile baskets, which you can take with you wherever you go.

Fixed Disc Golf Baskets

These consist of a basket, a base that can be anchored to the ground and a centre pole. The actual basket (in the sense of catching container) has a double chain structure divided into an outer and inner ring. This allows for the skilful catching of the discs. Depending on the manufacturer, the basket sizes may differ slightly. On facilities where tournaments accepted by the World Federation are played, the dimensions are as follows:

  • Height of the entire basket system: 58,27 inches (+/- 3,54 inches).
  • Height of the basket: 20,08 inches (+/- 3 cm)
  • Diameter of the catching basket at the top: 57 cm (+/- 1,18 inches)
  • Diameter of the bottom basket: 25,98 inches (+/- 1,57 inches)
  • Depth of the catching basket at the bottom: min. 7,09 inches
Standard-Disc-Golf-Basket-Size-Infographic-Frisbeescheibe.com_
Standard Disc Golf Basket Size

Mobile Disc Golf Baskets

The advantage of mobile disc golf baskets is that you can take them with you wherever you go. This makes disc golf possible in places that are suitable and you like – but do not have an official course ready. The important thing is that the basket is not too heavy; good models weigh about 17,63 to 122,05 pounds. The umbrella design, in which the basket can be easily stretched out and folded up again, has also proven to be advantageous. But be sure to take a bag with you to make transporting them easier.

As far as the price is concerned, you can be happy with foldable baskets. They are not prohibitively expensive. A decent model is around 150 to 200 €. I can recommend the MVP Blak Hole Pro* for example. Official and high-quality baskets for games according to tournament disc golf rules cost around 300 €. This is – compared to accessory prices in other sports like golf, tennis and co. – not necessarily the worst. Of course, there is also the option of building foldable baskets yourself. But the effort and the material costs are only in a reasonable relation if you are reasonably skilled.

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Mini Disc Golf Baskets

You want to train a bit loosely at first or want to give children a Disc Golf treat? In this case, smaller, portable baskets are a good idea! These mini disc golf baskets*…

  • are usually made of plastic,
  • can be easily put together and
  • have a basket and diameter adapted to their size (height 27,56 to 30,31 inches with a diameter of at least 7,87 inches).

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Build your own Disc Golf basket

Of course you can also build your own Disc Golf basket. The construction methods and materials here can be used in many ways and there are many inspirations and step-by-step instructions on YouTube. Here is one of them…

How to Make a Disc Golf Basket | I Like To Make Stuff

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Disc golf bag or backpack for the discs

You don’t necessarily need a disc golf bag* or a corresponding backpack, at least not at first. After all, the three essential discs are relatively easy to transport.

However, you want to go deeper into the matter. And you can already achieve differentiated results with different types of discs and their gradations? Then a disc golf bag / backpack with space for about 15 discs might be a good solution.

Disc-Golf-Tasche
Disc Golf Backpack & Bag with Wheels

Disc Golf rules explained briefly and easily

As a sport that is also played at tournaments recognised by the World Federation, this Frisbee variant naturally also has corresponding Disc Golf rules. However, it would go beyond the scope of this article to present the entire set of rules, especially since the Disc Golf rules are very similar to those of classic golf with a ball.

Therefore, only the most important elements

  • During the entire game, consideration is given to other people (fellow players, uninvolved walkers, etc.), flora, fauna and possible objects.
  • Throwing only takes place when there is nothing and no one on the course.
  • The starting point is the drop point, which is marked before the start. Afterwards, one must try to reach the basket and putt with as few throws as possible.
  • When a new lane is dropped, the person who has needed the fewest throws on the other lanes starts.
  • After that, the person whose disc is furthest away from the target at the current time always throws first.
  • The game may only be continued from the point where the disc has come to rest.
  • The zone around the basket is surrounded by a circle with a diameter of 32,81 feet. No jumping is allowed here – the player must stop and putt from where he/she is standing.
  • After putting, the throws needed for the course are noted down. (Whereby there are also ‘pars’ in disc golf like in golf – ideal values for the number of throws). The player with the lowest number of throws at the end of all holes is first.
The Rules of Disc Golf - EXPLAINED!

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Of course, you can use all your skills and knowledge to get closer to this goal. This includes thinking in good time about which disc to use, what the wind conditions are like, what throwing technique is best for the spot in the course and whether you prefer to play it safe or for a quick, low score (risk). So it’s really not boring, is it?


Throwing techniques in Disc Golf

The right Disc Golf equipment is one side of the coin, the right throwing technique is the other. Therefore, here is a brief guide to the most important throwing techniques: backhand and forehand.

The backhand

(also known as the backhand) is the most important throw because it can be used at various points in the game (from the opening drive to the final putt). Here’s how it works:

  • First, as a right-handed player, stand sideways with your right shoulder facing the basket.
  • Spread your legs slightly and bend your knees a little.
  • Now place your thumb on the top of the disc, while your middle, ring and little fingers go under the bottom surface of the disc and the inner edge.
  • Take the disc to the level of your left chest and pull it in a straight, horizontal motion from there to the right side, quite close in front of your chest.
  • As soon as your arm is extended, all your fingers release the disc. The trick is not to interrupt the movement of the arm, but to continue until your arm reaches the end point.
  • Now the disc should fly a certain left curve.
Backhand Form Basics - Beginner's Guide to Disc Golf

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The forehand

(also called sidearm) is quite demanding, but it is also good for right turns.

  • For the throw, position yourself so that your throwing arm shoulder is facing away from the target. (So exactly the opposite of the backhand). The rest of the leg position is identical.
  • Now grip the disc as follows: Thumb on the edge of the disc; the inner edge of the disc is pressed from below by the middle finger. The index finger points towards the centre of the disc, thus providing support.
  • Then turn your hips in, bend your arm and bring the disc close to your body.
  • Make sure you swing your arm through far enough on the forehand as well.
How To Throw A Forehand In Disc Golf

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Summary

Both the Disc Golf rules and the actual game itself are easy to grasp, even for beginners. However, it will probably take you a while to get to grips with all the intricacies of the game and to master the courses really quickly. But don’t let that stop you from trying disc golf – after all, there are several good reasons why you might enjoy it.

  • The accessories for disc golf are absolutely affordable. Especially if you start with the two to three most important discs for beginners (putter, midrange disc, possibly also fairway driver), you can get started with an amount in the mid two-digit range. Many other pieces of sports equipment cost considerably more.
  • You can play almost everywhere. As long as you have a mobile basket with you, the forest, park and the like are waiting for you. (or their suitable places) are practically waiting for you and your discs. And the more than 170 official courses in German-speaking countries are always good for a round.
  • Disc Golf discs are easy to transport. Due to their small size and manageable weight, you don’t have to worry about not being able to transport your equipment. This also applies to mobile baskets.
  • Last but not least: Disc Golf does not require any special physical abilities. As long as you are good on your feet and can move your arms properly, disc golf is a good outdoor sport to play.


In short: Whether young or old, as a hobby or with professional ambitions – disc golf is simply always possible!

Sources & credits:
[1] https://discgolf-lh.de/2017/07/07/kleine-scheibenkunde/
[2] http://www.discgolf-peine.de/index.php/discgolf/scheibenkunde
[3] https://www.discgolfgraz.at/scheibenkunde/
[4] https://thrownatur-discgolf.de/de/info/einsteiger-guide-scheibenkunde.html
[5] https://www.pdga.com/files/pdga-technical-standards_2021-01-20_0.pdf


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